Dual wheeled vehicle

Abstract

Claims

Spt. 3, 1940. K. E. CANFIELD DUAL WHEELED VEHICLE Original Filed May 20, 1937 4 sheets-sheet 1 ETTORNEY 1949. K 5 ANF|ELD 2,213,383 DUAL WHEELED VEHICLE Original Filed May 20, 1937 4 sheets-sheet 2 Q ATTORNEYQ p 3. 1940. K. E. CANFIELD 2,213,383 DUAL WHEELED VEHICLE Original Filed May 20. 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet s QMQW, k rll ATTORNEY; Sept. 3, 1940- K. E. CANFIELD 2,213,333 DUAL WHBELED VEHICLE I Original Filed lay 20, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 I w wax- Patented 1 UNITED STATES 1 IPFFEEJ 2.213.383 d non. WHEELED vnmomr. f Kendall n. Canfleld, Manhaloet, 1v. to Diflerential Wheel Corporation, a, new; ' time! Renewed February 6, 1940 rlppiication'May 20, 1937, and it-0.143.319 15 Claims. (01. 188-152) The present invention relates to novel and 'usetul improvements in dual wheeled structures and more particularly to improvements in the braking of dual wheels on automotive vehicles. Objects and advantages of theinvention will be set'forth in part hereinafter and in part will be obvious herefrom, or may be learned by prac-- 18 The accompanying drawings, referred to herein and constituting a part hereof, illustrate embodlments oi. the invention, and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. go 01' the drawings: Fig. l is a horizontal section of a typical embodiment of the present invention; Fig. '2 is a horizontal section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; :5 Fig. 3 is,a horizontal section of a modified form of the present invention; Fig. 4 is a horizontal section taken on the line |4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional view of a further modification of the present invention; and Fig. 6 is a horizontal section taken on the line 8-6 ofFlg. 5. ft The present invention has for its. object the provision of positive brakes for dual wheels which as are independently rotatable, as well as the provision of braking means which may be simultaneously applied to both of the dual wheels even through they be independently rotatably mounted on their axle. A further object is the provision 40 or separate braking, means for each independently rotatable wheel of a dual wheeled vehicle. The invention also provides a brake for each of the independently rotatable wheels, the brake being mounted between the wheels. The inven- 45 tion is applicable to dual wheels rotating on a fixed axis, as well as to wheels which may move about a horizontal pivot axis in addition to their axis of rotation. Irfi certain respects, the invention is an im- 50 provement upon the structure disclosed in the patent to James F. Higbee, No. 1,976,068, but in other respects, the invention is capable of wider use and may be applied to the structure disclosed in the patent to Charles S. Ash, No. 5' 1,979,598. In certain features, the invention may be applied to any dual wheeled structure having independently rotatable wheels. a In accordance with the illustrative structures 7 here shown. the dual wheels are mounted for relative or independent rotation on an axle and- 5 'may be used for the steering or propulsion of a motor vehicle or may be used as a'dead axle as. - part or a third axle or trailing axle. As embodied, brake drums, one for each wheel, are L mounted between theadjacent wheels and co- 10 operate with brake members held against rotation and forced into operative or braking contact with the drumsby operating mechanism also 'positioned between the wheels, which operating mechanism may be '01 the fluid, hydraulic or mechanical type. When the wheels are automatically cambering,that'is, mounted for move ment about a horizontal pivot so as always to remain perpendicular to the road, the braking mechanism orits moving parts are preferably mounted concentric with the horizontal pivot. . It will be understood that the foregoing general description and the iollowing detailed description as well are exemplary and explanatory of theinvention but are not restrictive thereof. Referring now in detail to the illustrative embodiment of the invention as shown-in Figures 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawings, there are provided two tired wheels I0 and H at each end of the axle l2 and these wheels are independently I or relatively rotatable by means of suitable bearings l5, being retained on the axle by means of the shoulder l1 and nut l8. Brake-drums 20 and 2| between the wheels and attached to wheels l0 and II respectively are each of a generally frustro-conical shape and are adapted to cooperate .with .the brake shoes '24 and 25 which are mounted on the arms of spider 21 supported by and held against rotation by the axle l2. At their 'ends,'brake shoes 24 and 25 are slotted to receive pins 28 by which they'ar'e supported on the spider arms. Springs 30 are connected between the spider arms and the brake shoes and normally serve'to retract the brake into inoperative position. I Means are provided'for forcing the brake shoes 24 and 25 into contact with the brake drums 20 and 2| for applying the brakes to stop the vehicle, and as shown in Figures 1 and 2, hydraulic means are employed for this purpose. As embodied, a double-ended hydraulic cylinder 3| is provided within the brake mechanism and isadapted to communicate with the hydraulic brake fluid pipe which may be formed as a hole 32 drilled in the axle 12. Within cylinder 3! are contained the two pistons 33 and 34 flexibly connected to the shoes 24 and and normally held in retracted position by means of the compression springs 36. For convenience in assembly, the cylinder 3i may be formed as two sections, joined along a transverse line. As pressure is applied through the fluid in pipe 33, the brake shoes are forced against the brake drums, and this application is equal as the brake shoes react against the two drums and the pressure on the brake drums is necessarily equal. Figures 3 and. 4 illustrate a modified form of the invention in which the brake shoes are hydraulically applied against conventional brake drums facing each other and ,rastened to their respective wheels. The dual wheels are shown as oil the automatically compensating or cambering type and are arranged to remain always perpendicular to the surface of the road, thereby equally distributing the load between the two wheels. As embodied, brake drums 40 and 4| are rigidly mounted between the wheels [0 and H facing each other and fast on their respective wheels, while the wheels are independently rotatable and are oscillatable about a horizontal pivot. Thus the wheels l0 and II are independently rotatable on a skein 44 by means of thebearings I5 and the skein is mounted for limited oscillation in a vertical plane by means of the horizontal pivot pin 46 journalled in the bushings 48 seated in the skein 44. This construction is in certain respects generally similar to that shown in the patent to James F. Higbee, No. 1,976,068. Cooperating with the brake drums 40 and 4| are the brake shoes and 41, which are each anchored on the skein 44 by means of the anchor pin 48 slidable in the apertured boss 49 formed integrally with the skein 44. Means are provided for applying these brake shoes against their respective brake drums and the applying means are preferably concentric with the pivot pin 46. As embodied, pin 46 is hollow and forms a double-ended hydraulic pressure cylinder within which are movable the pistons 50 and SI connected to the toggle pivot pins 52 connected at eachof its ends with the toggle links 53 which serve to expand the brake shoes against the drums. The pressure exerted by the pistons is necessarily equal, and the pin 52, extending equally on both sides of the pivot 46 applies the brake shoes 45 and 4! equally. Due to theconcentricity of the pistons 50 and 5| with the pivot pin 46, oscillation of the wheels I about their horizontal pivot 46 does not vary the braking action, as the brake drums and. shoes always remain symmetrical with respect to the pin 46. Springs 55 serve to retain the brakes in normally released position, but are compressed in applying the brakes.- Figures'5 and 6 .disclose a somewhat similar form or the invention except that the brakes are mechanically actuated. shoes 66; and 61 each comprise a single band adapted tobe expanded by its toggle 63 and held in normally retracted position by the tension spring '65. A single. anchor ,61 is provided for each sho'e-,mountin' 'g it on the horizontal pivot pin' 66. Toggles 63 are expanded to actuate their brake shoes by means of the tie bar 16 which is adapted to be moved by cable II passing through a centralaperture in the pivot pin 69 and passing over a pulley roller I3 so that the cable may As shown the brake extend through a tubular portion 0! the axle II. The invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific mechanisms shown and described but departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the accompanying claims without departing from the principles of the invention and without sacrificing its chief advantages. What I claim is: 1. In a dual wheeled structure having independently rotatable dual wheels on an axle, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels, a fluid actuated braking member intermediate the wheels and engageable with both braking drums to brake the wheels. '2. Inc. dual wheeled structure having independently rotatable dual wheels on an axle, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels, a cooperating braking member engageable with each of the drums and means for forcing the member into engagement withboth drums, said means including a cylinder and piston intermediate the wheels and a fluid connection thereto within the axle. 3. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable dual wheels mounted on an axle, the combination of horizontal pivot about which the wheels may move, brake drums secured to each of the wheels and means concentric with the pivot for applying a retarding force to each of the drums. 4. In a dual wheeled structure for road ve. hicles having independently rotatable dual wheels mounted on an axle, the combination of horizontal pivot about which the wheels may move, brake drums secured to each of the wheels and fluid pressure actuated means concentric with the pivot for applying a retarding force to each of the drums. 5. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable dual wheels mounted on an axle, the combination of horizontal pivot about which the wheels may move, brake drums secured to each of the wheels and means concentric with the pivot for applying a retarding force to each of the drums, said means including brake shoes and means for uni tormly applying'the fluid pressure to each of the shoes. 6. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable wheels mounted for rotational movement about an axle and for pivotal movement about a horizontal pivot point, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels, a fluid pressure cylinder and piston concentric with the pivot, brake shoes held against rotation on the axle and means for operating the shoes by the piston. 7. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable wheels mounted for rotational movement about an axle and for pivotal movement about a horizontal pivot point, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels and adjacent to each other, brake shoes held against rotation on the axle and means concentric with the pivot for forcing the shoes against the drums. 8. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable wheels mounted for rotational movement about an axle and. for pivotal movement about a horizontal pivot point, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels and adjacent to each other, brake shoes'held against rotation on the axle and fluid pressure operated means concentric with the pivot for forcing the shoes against the drums. 9. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable wheels mounted for rotational movement about an axle and for pivotal, movement about a horizontal pivot point, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels and adjacent to each other, brake shoes held against rotation on the axle and means concentric ,with the pivot for forcing the shoes against the drums, and equalizing means interconnecting the shoes and their operating means. 10. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable wheels mounted for rotational movement about an axle and for pivotal movement about a horizontal pivot point, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels and adjacent to each other, brake shoes held against rotation on the axle, fluid pressure operated means concentric with the pivot for forcing the shoes against the drums, and equalizing means interconnecting the shoes and their operating means. 11. In a dual wheeled structure for road vehicles having independently rotatable wheels mounted for rotational movement about an axle and for pivotal movement about a horizontal pivot point, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels and adjacent to each other, brake shoes held against rotation on the axle and cable actuated means concentric with the pivot for forcing the shoes against the drums. 12. In a dual wheeled structure having independently rotatable dual wheels on one end of an axle, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels, said drums being adjacent to each other and between the wheels and substantially closing the space between the adjacent, dual wheels, brake shoes engageable with the drums and held against rotation on the axle, and means for engaging the shoes with the drums. 13. In a dual wheeled structure having'independently rotatable dual wheels on one end of an axle, the combination of brake drums secured to each of the wheels, said drums being adjacent ,,to each other and between the wheels, brake shoes engageable with the drums and brake applying means, said applying means including a connection for equalizing the force applied to the adjacent dual wheels, brake shoes within said closed space and engageable with.the drums and held against rotation on the axle, and means for engaging the shoes with the drums. 15. In a. dual wheeled structure having independently rotatable dual wheels on one end of an axle, the combination of brake drums secured to each'of the wheels, said drums being adjacent to each other, of similar size and shape and positioned between the wheels, said drums extending towards each other-and providing a substantially closed space, brake shoes engageable with the drums and held against rotation on the axle, and means for engaging the shoes with the drums. KENDALL E. CANFIELD.

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Cited By (21)

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    DE-1021736-BDecember 27, 1957Kaessbohrer Fahrzeug KarlZwillingsradanordnung mit zwei Bremstrommeln
    DE-1209012-BJanuary 13, 1966Rech Etudes ProdScheibenbremse fuer Zwillingsraeder von Kraftfahrzeugen
    DE-4200227-A1July 15, 1993Btg Bike Tech Saak & Kellner EBicycle wheel rim with pair of double-ended flanges - uses flange shoulders as inclined contact surfaces for set of brake blocks
    FR-2507270-A1December 10, 1982Carias AndreDispositif de freinage pour vehicule automobile
    US-2499585-AMarch 07, 1950Goodrich Co B FBrake structure
    US-2501578-AMarch 21, 1950Robert W PointerBrake mechanism
    US-2501579-AMarch 21, 1950Robert W PointerRemovable axle spindle
    US-2531744-ANovember 28, 1950Azor D RobbinsBalanced fluid clutch
    US-2538997-AJanuary 23, 1951Cleveland Punch & Shear WorksFluid clutch with pressure booster
    US-2599247-AJune 03, 1952Gunite Foundries CorpBrake mechanism
    US-2644654-AJuly 07, 1953George H CoreyLanding gear for aircraft
    US-2878899-AMarch 24, 1959Bassick CoBrake-equipped caster
    US-2950629-AAugust 30, 1960Borg WarnerTransmission controls
    US-2987975-AJune 13, 1961Harry J SeamanPneumatic road roller
    US-3015997-AJanuary 09, 1962Harry J SeamanPneumatic road roller
    US-3145808-AAugust 25, 1964Kelsey Hayes CoAnchor pin and wheel cylinder assembly for brakes
    US-3162270-ADecember 22, 1964American Motors CorpVehicle wheel assembly
    US-3737014-AJune 05, 1973W DalrympleCoupling assembly
    US-4121472-AOctober 24, 1978Koehring Gmbh - Bomag DivisionEccentric drive
    US-4729455-AMarch 08, 1988Urban Transportation Development Corporation Ltd.Wheel assembly and brake therefor
    US-6085875-AJuly 11, 2000Westinghouse Air Brake CompanyWedge-shaped disc brake shoe